Life in the Evergreens
What Am I Looking At?
Evergreens are named this because they are green year round and do not drop their leaves the way that deciduous trees do. The evergreens here are conifers, as they are cone producing trees. Look around and you will see pine cones on the forest floor.
South of Maine, the hemlock woolly adelgid (an introduced insect) has decimated hemlock stands. It has recently been documented in York County, and efforts are underway to limit its impact. Imagine what this area would look like if all the hemlocks were taken out.
What animals do you think live here?
Hemlocks have a shallow root system and they grow well where the soil remains moist throughout the year. They are shade-tolerant trees and they form dense canopies that provide a cool refuge for wildlife.
This is a nice habitat for many animals, having plentiful food sources for both meat and plant eaters, cover, and places to create homes. Hemlock forests are a habitat for more than 120 different species. Some of them include: fishers, bobcats, white-tailed deer, showshoe hares, red squirrels, porcupines, pileated woodpeckers, yellow-bellied sapsuckers, goldfinches and grosbeaks.